Source code for podman.domain.containers

"""Model and Manager for Container resources."""

import json
import logging
import shlex
from contextlib import suppress
from typing import Any, Dict, Iterable, Iterator, List, Mapping, Optional, Tuple, Union

import requests

from podman import api
from podman.domain.images import Image
from podman.domain.images_manager import ImagesManager
from podman.domain.manager import PodmanResource
from podman.errors import APIError

logger = logging.getLogger("podman.containers")

[docs] class Container(PodmanResource): """Details and configuration for a container managed by the Podman service.""" @property def name(self): """str: Returns container's name.""" with suppress(KeyError): if 'Name' in self.attrs: return self.attrs["Name"].lstrip("/") return self.attrs["Names"][0].lstrip("/") return None @property def image(self): """podman.domain.images.Image: Returns Image object used to create Container.""" if "Image" in self.attrs: image_id = self.attrs["Image"] return ImagesManager(client=self.client).get(image_id) return Image() @property def labels(self): """dict[str, str]: Returns labels associated with container.""" with suppress(KeyError): if "Labels" in self.attrs: return self.attrs["Labels"] return self.attrs["Config"]["Labels"] return {} @property def status(self): """Literal["running", "stopped", "exited", "unknown"]: Returns status of container.""" with suppress(KeyError): return self.attrs["State"]["Status"] return "unknown" @property def ports(self): """dict[str, int]: Return ports exposed by container.""" with suppress(KeyError): return self.attrs["NetworkSettings"]["Ports"] return {}
[docs] def attach(self, **kwargs) -> Union[str, Iterator[str]]: """Attach to container's tty. Keyword Args: stdout (bool): Include stdout. Default: True stderr (bool): Include stderr. Default: True stream (bool): Return iterator of string(s) vs single string. Default: False logs (bool): Include previous container output. Default: False Raises: NotImplementedError: method not implemented. """ raise NotImplementedError()
[docs] def attach_socket(self, **kwargs): """Not Implemented. Raises: NotImplementedError: method not implemented. """ raise NotImplementedError()
[docs] def commit(self, repository: str = None, tag: str = None, **kwargs) -> Image: """Save container to given repository. Args: repository: Where to save Image tag: Tag to push with Image Keyword Args: author (str): Name of commit author changes (List[str]): Instructions to apply during commit comment (str): Commit message to include with Image, overrides keyword message conf (dict[str, Any]): Ignored. format (str): Format of the image manifest and metadata message (str): Commit message to include with Image pause (bool): Pause the container before committing it """ params = { "author": kwargs.get("author"), "changes": kwargs.get("changes"), "comment": kwargs.get("comment", kwargs.get("message")), "container":, "format": kwargs.get("format"), "pause": kwargs.get("pause"), "repo": repository, "tag": tag, } response ="/commit", params=params) response.raise_for_status() body = response.json() return ImagesManager(client=self.client).get(body["Id"])
[docs] def diff(self) -> List[Dict[str, int]]: """Report changes of a container's filesystem. Raises: APIError: when service reports an error """ response = self.client.get(f"/containers/{}/changes") response.raise_for_status() return response.json()
# pylint: disable=too-many-arguments,unused-argument
[docs] def exec_run( self, cmd: Union[str, List[str]], stdout: bool = True, stderr: bool = True, stdin: bool = False, tty: bool = False, privileged: bool = False, user=None, detach: bool = False, stream: bool = False, socket: bool = False, environment: Union[Mapping[str, str], List[str]] = None, workdir: str = None, demux: bool = False, ) -> Tuple[Optional[int], Union[Iterator[bytes], Any, Tuple[bytes, bytes]]]: """Run given command inside container and return results. Args: cmd: Command to be executed stdout: Attach to stdout. Default: True stderr: Attach to stderr. Default: True stdin: Attach to stdin. Default: False tty: Allocate a pseudo-TTY. Default: False privileged: Run as privileged. user: User to execute command as. Default: root detach: If true, detach from the exec command. Default: False stream: Stream response data. Default: False socket: Return the connection socket to allow custom read/write operations. Default: False environment: A dictionary or a List[str] in the following format ["PASSWORD=xxx"] or {"PASSWORD": "xxx"}. workdir: Path to working directory for this exec session demux: Return stdout and stderr separately Returns: First item is the command response code Second item is the requests response content Raises: NotImplementedError: method not implemented. APIError: when service reports error """ # pylint: disable-msg=too-many-locals user = user or "root" if isinstance(environment, dict): environment = [f"{k}={v}" for k, v in environment.items()] data = { "AttachStderr": stderr, "AttachStdin": stdin, "AttachStdout": stdout, "Cmd": cmd if isinstance(cmd, list) else shlex.split(cmd), # "DetachKeys": detach, # This is something else "Env": environment, "Privileged": privileged, "Tty": tty, "User": user, "WorkingDir": workdir, } # create the exec instance response ="/containers/{}/exec", data=json.dumps(data)) response.raise_for_status() exec_id = response.json()['Id'] # start the exec instance, this will store command output start_resp = f"/exec/{exec_id}/start", data=json.dumps({"Detach": detach, "Tty": tty}) ) start_resp.raise_for_status() # get and return exec information response = self.client.get(f"/exec/{exec_id}/json") response.raise_for_status() return response.json().get('ExitCode'), start_resp.content
[docs] def export(self, chunk_size: int = api.DEFAULT_CHUNK_SIZE) -> Iterator[bytes]: """Download container's filesystem contents as a tar archive. Args: chunk_size: <= number of bytes to return for each iteration of the generator. Yields: tarball in size/chunk_size chunks Raises: NotFound: when container has been removed from service APIError: when service reports an error """ response = self.client.get(f"/containers/{}/export", stream=True) response.raise_for_status() for out in response.iter_content(chunk_size=chunk_size): yield out
[docs] def get_archive( self, path: str, chunk_size: int = api.DEFAULT_CHUNK_SIZE ) -> Tuple[Iterable, Dict[str, Any]]: """Download a file or folder from the container's filesystem. Args: path: Path to file or folder. chunk_size: <= number of bytes to return for each iteration of the generator. Returns: First item is a raw tar data stream. Second item is a dict containing os.stat() information on the specified path. """ response = self.client.get(f"/containers/{}/archive", params={"path": [path]}) response.raise_for_status() stat = response.headers.get("x-docker-container-path-stat", None) stat = api.decode_header(stat) return response.iter_content(chunk_size=chunk_size), stat
[docs] def inspect(self) -> Dict: """Inspect a container. Raises: APIError: when service reports an error """ response = self.client.get(f"/containers/{}/json") response.raise_for_status() return response.json()
[docs] def kill(self, signal: Union[str, int, None] = None) -> None: """Send signal to container. Raises: APIError: when service reports an error """ response ="/containers/{}/kill", params={"signal": signal}) response.raise_for_status()
[docs] def logs(self, **kwargs) -> Union[bytes, Iterator[bytes]]: """Get logs from the container. Keyword Args: stdout (bool): Include stdout. Default: True stderr (bool): Include stderr. Default: True stream (bool): Return generator of strings as the response. Default: False timestamps (bool): Show timestamps in output. Default: False tail (Union[str, int]): Output specified number of lines at the end of logs. Integer representing the number of lines to display, or the string all. Default: all since (Union[datetime, int]): Show logs since a given datetime or integer epoch (in seconds) follow (bool): Follow log output. Default: False until (Union[datetime, int]): Show logs that occurred before the given datetime or integer epoch (in seconds) """ stream = bool(kwargs.get("stream", False)) params = { "follow": kwargs.get("follow", kwargs.get("stream", None)), "since": api.prepare_timestamp(kwargs.get("since")), "stderr": kwargs.get("stderr", None), "stdout": kwargs.get("stdout", True), "tail": kwargs.get("tail"), "timestamps": kwargs.get("timestamps"), "until": api.prepare_timestamp(kwargs.get("until")), } response = self.client.get(f"/containers/{}/logs", stream=stream, params=params) response.raise_for_status() if stream: return api.stream_frames(response) return api.frames(response)
[docs] def pause(self) -> None: """Pause processes within the container.""" response ="/containers/{}/pause") response.raise_for_status()
[docs] def put_archive(self, path: str, data: bytes = None) -> bool: """Upload tar archive containing a file or folder to be written into container. Args: path: File to write data into data: Contents to write to file, when None path will be read on client to build tarfile. Returns: True when successful Raises: APIError: when server reports error """ if path is None: raise ValueError("'path' is a required argument.") if data is None: data = api.create_tar("/", path) response = self.client.put( f"/containers/{}/archive", params={"path": path}, data=data ) return response.ok
[docs] def remove(self, **kwargs) -> None: """Delete container. Keyword Args: v (bool): Delete associated volumes as well. link (bool): Ignored. force (bool): Kill a running container before deleting. """ self.manager.remove(, **kwargs)
[docs] def rename(self, name: str) -> None: """Rename container. Container updated in-situ to avoid reload(). Args: name: New name for container. """ if not name: raise ValueError("'name' is a required argument.") response ="/containers/{}/rename", params={"name": name}) response.raise_for_status() self.attrs["Name"] = name # shortcut to avoid needing reload()
[docs] def resize(self, height: int = None, width: int = None) -> None: """Resize the tty session. Args: height: New height of tty session. width: New width of tty session. """ params = { "h": height, "w": width, } response ="/containers/{}/resize", params=params) response.raise_for_status()
[docs] def restart(self, **kwargs) -> None: """Restart processes in container. Keyword Args: timeout (int): Seconds to wait for container to stop before killing container. """ params = {"timeout": kwargs.get("timeout")} post_kwargs = {} if kwargs.get("timeout"): post_kwargs["timeout"] = float(params["timeout"]) * 1.5 response ="/containers/{}/restart", params=params, **post_kwargs) response.raise_for_status()
[docs] def start(self, **kwargs) -> None: """Start processes in container. Keyword Args: detach_keys: Override the key sequence for detaching a container (Podman only) """ response = f"/containers/{}/start", params={"detachKeys": kwargs.get("detach_keys")} ) response.raise_for_status()
[docs] def stats( self, **kwargs ) -> Union[bytes, Dict[str, Any], Iterator[bytes], Iterator[Dict[str, Any]]]: """Return statistics for container. Keyword Args: decode (bool): If True and stream is True, stream will be decoded into dict's. Default: False. stream (bool): Stream statistics until cancelled. Default: True. Raises: APIError: when service reports an error """ # FIXME Errors in stream are not handled, need content and json to read Errors. stream = kwargs.get("stream", True) decode = kwargs.get("decode", False) params = { "containers":, "stream": stream, } response = self.client.get("/containers/stats", params=params, stream=stream) response.raise_for_status() if stream: return api.stream_helper(response, decode_to_json=decode) return json.loads(response.content) if decode else response.content
[docs] def stop(self, **kwargs) -> None: """Stop container. Keyword Args: all (bool): When True, stop all containers. Default: False (Podman only) ignore (bool): When True, ignore error if container already stopped (Podman only) timeout (int): Number of seconds to wait on container to stop before killing it. """ params = {"all": kwargs.get("all"), "timeout": kwargs.get("timeout")} post_kwargs = {} if kwargs.get("timeout"): post_kwargs["timeout"] = float(params["timeout"]) * 1.5 response ="/containers/{}/stop", params=params, **post_kwargs) response.raise_for_status() if response.status_code == return if response.status_code == if kwargs.get("ignore", False): return body = response.json() raise APIError(body["cause"], response=response, explanation=body["message"])
[docs] def top(self, **kwargs) -> Union[Iterator[Dict[str, Any]], Dict[str, Any]]: """Report on running processes in the container. Keyword Args: ps_args (str): When given, arguments will be passed to ps stream (bool): When True, repeatedly return results. Default: False Raises: NotFound: when the container no longer exists APIError: when the service reports an error """ stream = kwargs.get("stream", False) params = { "stream": stream, "ps_args": kwargs.get("ps_args"), } response = self.client.get(f"/containers/{}/top", params=params, stream=stream) response.raise_for_status() if stream: return api.stream_helper(response, decode_to_json=True) return response.json()
[docs] def unpause(self) -> None: """Unpause processes in container.""" response ="/containers/{}/unpause") response.raise_for_status()
[docs] def update(self, **kwargs): """Update resource configuration of the containers. Raises: NotImplementedError: Podman service unsupported operation. """ raise NotImplementedError("Container.update() is not supported by Podman service.")
[docs] def wait(self, **kwargs) -> int: """Block until the container enters given state. Keyword Args: condition (Union[str, List[str]]): Container state on which to release. One or more of: "configured", "created", "running", "stopped", "paused", "exited", "removing", "stopping". interval (int): Time interval to wait before polling for completion. Returns: "Error" key has a dictionary value with the key "Message". Raises: NotFound: when Container not found ReadTimeoutError: when timeout is exceeded APIError: when service returns an error """ condition = kwargs.get("condition") if isinstance(condition, str): condition = [condition] interval = kwargs.get("interval") params = {} if condition != []: params["condition"] = condition if interval != "": params["interval"] = interval # This API endpoint responds with a JSON encoded integer. # See: # response ="/containers/{}/wait", params=params) response.raise_for_status() return response.json()